Hunger and Poverty in San Diego County
Of San Diego County’s 3.2 million residents, 486,000 people face food insecurity every day.* Of this number, 163,000 are children.* Food insecurity means that little or no food is available at home, and those who are food insecure do not know how they will get their next meal. Currently, 1 in 8 adults and 1 in 5 children face food insecurity in San Diego County.* (*San Diego Hunger Coalition. San Diego County Food Insecurity Report, 2018.)
Serving San Diego County
The Jacobs & Cushman San Diego Food Bank and our North County Food Bank chapter feed 370,000 people per month in partnership with 400 nonprofit community partners that operate feeding programs. Our nonprofit partners include: food pantries, soup kitchens, shelters, low-income daycare centers, senior centers, faith-based organizations, schools, and day centers for the elderly and disabled.
The Food Bank’s nonprofit partners collect food from our 90,000 sq. ft. warehouse in Miramar and our North County Food Bank facility in San Marcos. They then distribute the food directly to people in need in their local communities. By acting as a central distribution point and through our own direct distributions, the Food Bank and our nonprofit partners provide food to communities throughout the county’s 4,200 square mile radius. In the fiscal year 2017 – 2018, the Food Bank distributed 28 million pounds of food – the equivalent of 23.3 million meals. Of that number, 9.5 million pounds was fresh produce.
Demand for Food Assistance
Due to our region’s high cost of living, tens of thousands of low-income families, including low-income military families, and fixed-income seniors rely on the Food Bank to put food on the table. Of the 370,000 people the Food Bank serves monthly, 39,000 are low-income military personnel and their dependents; 10,000 are fixed-income seniors; more than 100,000 live at or near the poverty level and receive assistance through our Emergency Food Assistance Program; and nearly 2,000 are elementary school children living in poverty who receive weekend backpacks full of food through our Food 4 Kids Backpack Program in 11 school districts in the San Diego County.
San Diego’s Food Bank Population – Profiles, Analysis, and Solutions:
The Food Bank and Point Loma Nazarene University launched a groundbreaking, 30-page report with data and analysis from the first-ever, locally-conducted survey of the Food Bank’s client population living in communities throughout San Diego County that rely on the Food Bank’s services. The report provides information on average household income, household employment data, average household size, percentage of households with children, percentage of seniors seeking food assistance, a breakdown of the Food Bank’s client population by ethnicity, and answers the question why so many San Diegans rely on the Food Bank’s services.
Key findings from San Diego’s Food Bank Population – Profile, Analysis, and Solutions include:
- Families who use the Food Bank are larger than average. The average size of a Food Bank’s household is between 3 and 4 persons, including 1-2 children. This is about a person more than the region-wide average and that person is generally a child.
- Dependence on the Food Bank is evident across all ethnic groups. Caucasians account for 29% of Food Bank recipients; Asians represent 8%; African-Americans account for 3%; Native Americans represent another 2%; and over half, 55%, of the households receiving Food Bank assistance are Hispanic.
- 66%, more than two-thirds, of households receiving food assistance have members who work. 37% of households have one employed individual, whereas 29% have two or more people in the household working.
- Despite 66% of households having a wage earner, the reason most households give for needing help from the Food Bank is that they “cannot make ends meet.”
- Underemployment is a problem in the San Diego region. Nearly 80% of those surveyed would prefer full-time work if they could find it, but they are forced to work one or more part-time jobs because they cannot find full-time unemployment.
- Unemployment is a key force driving Food Bank demand with 34% of the households having no wage earners.
- Long-term unemployment, however, is a severe problem among the Food Bank population since about one-half of households have been out of work for more than two years.
- Among retirees, this reflects a split group. While most of them have retired by choice, 24% have been forced into early retirement and have not found new work.
- 46% of households have been receiving help from the Food Bank for less than 6 months which indicates that the Food Bank is playing its role as a short-term safety net for those needing temporary assistance until they get back on their feet.
- 19% have been consistently coming to the Food Bank for more than three years and 24% have relied on the Food Bank for one to three years.
- The report calls for a greater partnership between the Food Bank and the County Board of Supervisors since the Food Bank has direct contact with, and is a gateway to, nearly 370,000 people in need every month.
- The report’s authors recommend the establishment of a joint taskforce to examine hunger and poverty that would enhance outreach efforts for a range of county health and human services programs, and it would bring the nonprofit, private, and county human services together to further develop a unified approach to tackling the root causes of hunger and poverty. Without action, the report’s authors conclude, our region risks seeing a new generation engulfed by a self-perpetuating cycle of poverty, health problems, and dependency.
CLICK HERE to download a copy of the report.
How You Can Help
There are many ways you can help:
- Host a food drive at your school, business or faith-based organization.
- Host a Virtual Food Drive and donate from the ease of your computer or smartphone
- Volunteer at the Food Bank’s Miramar or San Marcos facilities
- Make a monetary donation. Every $1 donation provides 5 meals.